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Does Urbanization Always Drive Economic Growth? Not Exactly…

Mon, 10/20/2014 - 7:52pm

We often think of cities as major drivers of economic development and growth. Big cities expand our access to infrastructure like public transit and public education. They allow for more efficient distribution of social services such as government assistance and … Continue reading »

The post Does Urbanization Always Drive Economic Growth? Not Exactly… appeared first on PLOS Blogs Network.

12 simple ways to prevent cancer

Mon, 10/20/2014 - 9:00am

33% to 50% of all cancers are attributable to preventable lifestyle causes, such as smoking and tobacco use, poor diet, alcohol consumption, and obesity (1-3). Genetics play a tiny role, causing only 5-10% of all cancers. The remainder of cancer … Continue reading »

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Citizen Scientists, Help SciStarter Empower You!

Sun, 10/19/2014 - 2:00pm

SciStarter wants to make it easier for you to learn about and get involved in way more opportunities to make the world a better place. We have some big ideas, (and we know you have the potential to do BIG things!) but we want … Continue reading »

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I’ve Got a (lot of) Little (check)lists

Fri, 10/17/2014 - 5:31pm

PLOS Medicine Editorial Director, Virginia Barbour, reflects on the publication of the CONSORT and PRISMA guidelines and reminds us of the importance of checklists to medical publishing. Gilbert and Sullivan’s Lord High Executioner has, sadly given lists a bad name. … Continue reading »

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Meet PLOS at the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology 2014

Fri, 10/17/2014 - 1:47pm

We are excited to announce that PLOS will be exhibiting at the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology 2014 Annual Meeting from 5-8th November in Berlin. This is only the second time that the meeting takes place outside North America, and the … Continue reading »

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Out in the cold: Freezing feces and human eggs. Also, scientific easter eggs

Fri, 10/17/2014 - 12:23pm

  More germ warfare, this time about fecal microbiota transplants Despite their mind-boggling track record, fecal transplants as  effective treatments for intestinal disorders (and possibly those elsewhere in the body) have encountered PR problems–what Loom blogger Carl Zimmer calls the … Continue reading »

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Voluntary Male Circumcision as HIV Prevention in Africa

Thu, 10/16/2014 - 5:02pm

PLOS Medicine Associate Editor Linda Nevin discusses the landmark publication, and striking impact, of the first randomized clinical trial of voluntary medical male circumcision, published in PLOS Medicine in 2005. Since the 1980s, observational studies have shown that HIV infection … Continue reading »

The post Voluntary Male Circumcision as HIV Prevention in Africa appeared first on PLOS Blogs Network.

The Truth about Standardized Packaging? Blow Some My Way

Thu, 10/16/2014 - 2:41pm

PLOS Medicine Associate Editor, Linda Nevin, discusses how a 2014 research article by Selda Ulucanlar and colleagues deconstructed advocacy documents submitted to the UK government by tobacco companies, and catches up with one of the authors for a Q&A. As … Continue reading »

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Another Reason Freezing Employees’ Eggs is a Terrible Idea

Thu, 10/16/2014 - 12:08pm

Facebook and Apple’s decision to offer female employees a $20,000 benefit to freeze their eggs indicates a stunning disregard for the complexities of reproductive biology. The Center for Genetics and Society issued a news release that listed societal, technological, and biological … Continue reading »

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The ethics of mobile health technology

Thu, 10/16/2014 - 10:15am

                Today, we welcome back Priya Kumar, a digital researcher from the University of London for part two of an interview on mobile health. If you missed part one, you can catch up … Continue reading »

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SciStarter among 18 winners of Knight Prototype Fund!

Thu, 10/16/2014 - 8:48am

  The Knight Foundation today announced the latest winners of its Knight Prototype Fund. Eighteen projects will receive $35,000 to help them bring their concepts closer to fruition and one of the 18 projects is ours: SciStarter ’s project will connect data journalists … Continue reading »

The post SciStarter among 18 winners of Knight Prototype Fund! appeared first on PLOS Blogs Network.

Mental Health Reflection – You are not weak.

Thu, 10/16/2014 - 6:26am

This week, guest blogger Ashley Ng writes a reflective piece and poem on Mental Health, as Mental Health Day rolls by. Ashley is a PhD student at Deakin University and lives with diabetes. NCDFREE have recently launched their global campaign called #TheFace of … Continue reading »

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Which (non-open access) journals can paleontologists access?

Thu, 10/16/2014 - 1:01am

In a previous post, I detailed the various ways in which paleontologists access the non-open access literature. Institutional subscription was the most commonly-used method (but not for all people who answered a survey on the topic!), followed by accessing author-posted … Continue reading »

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“Pulling Back the Curtain” on Lethal Injection

Wed, 10/15/2014 - 6:16pm

PLOS Medicine Associate Editor, Thomas McBride, reflects on the 2007 research article that investigated whether lethal injection consistently induces a painless death. The December 7, 1982 execution of Charles Brooks Jr. in Texas marked the first use of lethal injection, … Continue reading »

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Quantifying the Dirty Nature of War

Wed, 10/15/2014 - 4:09pm

PLOS Medicine Senior Editor, Amy Ross, discusses the potential impact of the “Dirty War Index”, a tool developed by Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks and Michael Spagat, to minimize civilian harm in areas of armed conflict. While international humanitarian treaties, such as … Continue reading »

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Going PRO – clinical trials must plan to capture patient-reported outcomes

Wed, 10/15/2014 - 2:29pm

Post authored by David Moher All participants in research are important. What patients in clinical trials tell us about treatments – patient-reported outcomes (PROs) such as quality of life and symptoms – is being used more and more to improve … Continue reading »

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Is there benefit to adding psychotherapy to antidepressants?

Wed, 10/15/2014 - 8:26am

Special thanks to Don Klein, MD and Bruce Thyer, PhD for helpful discussions, but all opinions expressed are the author’s alone. Is there any benefit to adding psychotherapy to well-managed treatment with antidepressants? This clinically important question was addressed in … Continue reading »

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Outing Wyeth and Their Hired Ghosts

Tue, 10/14/2014 - 5:39pm

Margaret A. Winker, MD, Senior Research Editor for PLOS Medicine, reflects on the 2010 Policy Forum by Adriane Fugh-Berman that explored the medical literature manipulation behind hormone “replacement” therapy. The results of the Heart Estrogen/progestin Replacement Study (HERS) and Women’s … Continue reading »

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Melanoma Cells: A Fatal Attraction to LPA

Tue, 10/14/2014 - 2:15pm

A hot day, blue sky and an even bluer sea. A perfect day to spend on the beach. But while our skin is sizzling, very few of us are aware of what some of our cells might be up to. … Continue reading »

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This week in PLOS Biology

Tue, 10/14/2014 - 2:14pm

In PLOS Biology this week, you can read about moving lipids around the cell, good and bad autophagy, how skin cancer metastasises, and mending DNA replication forks safely.    Moving Lipids from Organelle to Organelle Moving lipids and proteins from the … Continue reading »

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